Children of Thomas Rutgerse van Gorkom and Lysbet Gijsberts de Leeu (generation II)
The age in which the children of Thomas lived is called the Golden Age in Dutch history, an age of prosperity and power. Holland had become one of the superpowers of those days, owning colonies like nowadays Indonesia, South-Africa and even a rock called New Amsterdam, today known as New York. The seventienth century was also the age of famous painters like Rembrandt van Rijn and Johannes Vermeer. At the end of the century the Dutch Stadholder Willem III became King William III of England and William II of Scotland, also known as King William III of Orange. It must have been a prosperous time in Holland, a bit like the end of the 20th century.
III-r18. Rutger Thomasse
On 4 January 1618 Rutger Thomasse van Gorkom, son of Thomas Rutgerse van Gorkom, was baptized in the Jacobikerk, one of the four roman catholic parish churches of Utrecht before the Reformation. In 1618 however it was already protestant for several decades. Rutger Thomasse was clearly the oldest son, baptized just a year after the wedding of his parents, receiving the name of his father's father. This is certainly in line with traditions that lasted till the 20th century. His brother Gysbert received as second son the name of his mother's father.
On 25 April 1641 Rutger married in the Jacobikerk Susanna Thobias from Haarlem, the city from which the American name Harlem is derived. The wedding was officially proclaimed in Haarlem, clearly a rule to avoid bigamy. At some time after the wedding they moved to Haarlem, as they had three children baptized there. Moreover, in Rutger's second marriage record from 1649 it is mentioned that he lived in Haarlem at that time. There is some confusion, however, about the second or family name of the mother. When the first child was born she was called Susanneke Tobias. The mother of the two other children was called Susanneke Marqué. There is reason to believe that the two Susannekes are one and the same.
On 17 June 1649 a certificate was issued allowing Rutger to marry in Haarlem Magdalena Michielsz. The wedding took place in Spaarnwoude on 4 July 1649. Rutger lived in Haarlem then, so things had changed around completely. In 1641 Rutger from Utrecht had married in Utrecht a young woman from Haarlem. In 1649, Rutger who lived in Haarlem, married in Haarlem a young woman from Utrecht. But in this second marriage record it is mentioned that Rutger was the widower of Jannigjen Macké. This is in close concordance with the birth records of his second and third child in Haarlem, which mention a Susanneke Marqué as mother. However, we did not find a marriage record of a Marqué (Macqué). As we found two marriage records in Utrecht and the same two records in Haarlem, we tend to believe that the Susannekes are one and the same person. Moreover, differing second names are not uncommon in the seventeenth century and the alternative of three marriages in a row between 1641 and 1649 is unlikely. As the third child was baptized in September 1648 and the second marriage was already nine months later, it looks like Rutger very quickly looked for another mother for his children, after their own mother had died.
According to the Utrecht records Rutger lived in the Korte Lauwerstraat at the time of his second wedding, right at the place where his father had been buying and selling houses. This will not have been a coincidence of course. Probably he was staying with his parents for the time being, as he had an address of his own in Haarlem, according to the Haarlem records. Soon after the wedding the family must have returned to Utrecht, as Rutger had at least seven children with Magdalena (generation IV), who were all baptized in Utrecht.
Magdalena Michielsz was buried in Utrecht on 1 April 1711. Her last address was Achter het Vleeshuis naast Margrietenhof. She left behind een mundige soon (an adult son). Indeed, of all her own children only one reached adulthood. According to the death records of Utrecht a Rutger Thomasse was buried on 27 May 1695. No additional details are mentioned.
III-g20. Gijsbert Thomasse
As mentioned above, Gijsbert will have been named after the father of his mother. He was baptized in the Jacobikerk, the same church in which his elder brother was baptized. Date of the christening was 5 July 1620. On 26 April 1641 he married Helena Duck, also known as Helena Dirckx Duck (or Duijk), in the Jacobikerk. This was exactly one day after the wedding of his elder brother to Susanne Thobias, also in the Jacobikerk. At the time of the wedding Gijsbert's address was Korte Lauwerstraat, just like his brother's was. The wedding was officially proclaimed in Gouda, probably meaning that Helena lived there before. When Helena was buried on 10 April 1657, her address was op 't Bolwerk achter 't Begijnhof. Gijsbert was still alive then. They had four children (generation IV).
III-n24. N.N. Thomasse
In the archives there is a record saying: "9 July 1624, child of Thomas Rutgers", probably referring to a stillborn child.
Above: painting by Pieter Jansz Saenredam (1597-1665), showing the Mariaplaats and Mariakerk (St. Mary's Church) in Utrecht. In the middle of the background you see the tower of the Dom of Utrecht, which is still the most important landmark of the city. The tower to the left is the Buurkerk (Neighbourhood's Church). St. Mary's Church, at the right, is standing at the spot where nowadays the Utrecht Conservatory is. The photo below was taken in May 2006.
III-d2x. David Thomasse
David Thomasse van Gorkom married Gerrichjen Roelofs van Wijck in the Geertekerk on 19 April 1652. As his christening record is unknown, it is not for a hundred percent sure that he is a sibling too, but there is a good chance as his name means "David, son of Thomas from Gorinchem". Another argument is the first name David, which fits so well into the picture, as it has been a popular name in this family, litterally for ages. Furthermore his marriage record says that he lived at the Plompetooren, an area where father Thomas owned property, according to the sales documents that are mentioned on the page about generation II. So for these reasons he may be considered to be a brother of Rutger, probably born in the time gap between Gysbert and Abraham. David and Gerrichjen had seven children (generation IV). They called one of the children Deliaentje, just like David's sister, the daughter of his brother Rutger and the mother of his mother were called. David seems to have died rather early. The death records mention a Davidt Thomassen who was registered as deceased on 3 July 1665, leaving behind his wife and underaged children, his address being Lange Lauwerstraat, a well known address in the family.
III-a27. Abraham Thomasse
Abraham was baptized in the Jacobikerk too. This was on 7 February 1627. On 2 November 1647 he married Anneken Heijndricx in the Anthoniegasthuis, a hospital. The wedding was officially proclaimed in Leusden, near Amersfoort. At the time of the wedding the address of Anneken was op de Heijligenberg. She was buried on 11 November 1700 as a widow. They had ten children (generation IV).
III-f29. Fijckjen Thomasse
Fijckjen was the fourth child to be baptized in the Jacobikerk. This happened on 18 February 1629. She was probably named after the mother of her father. On 19 January 1651 she married in the Jacobikerk Samson Christoffels van Steijn.
III-d31. Dilliaentjen Thomasse
Dilliaentjen was baptized in the Jacobikerk on 19 January 1631. She was named after the mother of her mother.
III-h34. Herman Thomasse
Herman was baptized in the Jacobikerk on 16 December 1634.
On the picture you see the Weerdpoort. It was the northern city gate, at the side that you approach when you come from Amsterdam or Haarlem, like the Rutger on this page once did. It is also the spot where the central canal of Utrecht, the Oude Gracht (Old Canal), changes into the river Vecht which flows north. As there are no real city walls visible, the drawing will have been made after 1835 or so. Many generations of the family lived close to this city gate. It was demolished in 1862.
If all assumptions are right, Thomas Rutgerse van Gorkom and Elisabeth Gijsberts de Leeuw had eight children, one of whom was a stillborn. The tradition of giving the names of your parents to your children could cast some light on the name of the mother of Thomas. It seems that Fijckjen is the first girl in the family and Dilliaentje the second. On the page about generation II we already mentioned that mother Elisabeth was daughter of Deliana van Manen. It means that the first girl must have been named after the mother of father Thomas and the second daughter after the mother of mother Elisabeth, which was common practice in those days. This means that father Thomas was son of Rutger and Fijckjen. Another puzzle is the gap between 1620 and 1624 or 1627 in the christening records. In fact it parallels the gap in the notary records of selling and buying houses, as described on the page about Thomas and Elisabeth (generation II). On 30 June 1620 a house was sold, only five days before Gysbert was born. In February 1625 a house was bought. Did they leave the city for several years in the mean time, as both Thomas and Elisabeth might not have had very strong ties to the city? It would be worth finding out where this family De Leeu came from.